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The Ends Justify the Means

7 lipca 2020, 08:00
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The means/ends dilemma is a common question in discussions about ethics. The “means” are the way a person will act to achieve a goal.

The means / ends dilemma is a common question in discussions about ethics.The "means" are the way a person will act to achieve a goal.The “ends” are the desired or intended goal.It is one of the widely used idioms.William Shakespeare said: "There's a divinity that shapes our ends, rough-hew them how we will."Although in a constitutional democracy the ends do not justify the means, these terms are commonly used this way in law and philosophy.The term "ends" means the consequence or end result.If the ends justify the means, then a person can continue working to achieve the ends by any needed means.The concept “the end justifies the means” claims that the goal is so important that it overrules any moral or legal limits on the methods used during the process of achieving this goal.Drucker claims that it is the way how Jobs achieved success.

The first argument is whatever the means, a person should only think about the ends.As long as the ends are justified, the means are justified as well.Even if it involves doing something wrong to achieve a positive result is the end.In this case, the following question usually arises: "Would you kill a person it could save the world?"It is a very difficult task to be moral enough to help all of the environment and people, and at the same time, be practical enough to make difficult decisions that will not be harmful to the humanity.Obviously, there are many things to consider in this situation like the morality of the performer, the morality of the outcome, and the morality of the action.If a person answers “yes,"It means he / she has chosen lesser evil and the use of immoral means achieve a goal (save the world) is justified by a morally right outcome to it.For example, like in the case with the physician-assisted suicides.Therefore, it all looks logically if to consider saving the world as a moral and good action.And, apparently, the ends justify the means when a person chooses lesser evil.

The second argument is that the philosophy of pragmatism is optimal for the purpose of improving and stabilizing the state.Similar views can be seen in the works of famous philosophers.For example, O'Rourke states that in Machiavelli's "The Prince," the author shifts the sense of "virtue" from the morality of actions to effectiveness.Similarly, most companies believe that profits are more important than their customers or their employees.Those are not moral views, but they are highly effective in terms of productivity and further growth.Since of the characteristics of human nature, it has been repeatedly proven that governments, companies, and individuals cannot morally justify their actions if they are based only on greed.Since the world that we now live is an increasingly interdependent, the people can only use the Machiavellian "

To summarize, whether the ends justify the means is a common dilemma in ethics discussions.The "end" is the intended goal.The "means" are the way a person acts to achieve it.Firstly, the ends justify the means if they are considered to be the lesser evil.Secondly, the ends justify the means "philosophy is the most effective way to improve or stabilize the state. It may not be always moral, but it always results in the highest productivity.

Phillip Cooper, writer at  and experienced social media manager.

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